Sustainable cocoa production in West Africa: development of a farmer-participatory integrated crop management programme
Biscuit, Cake, Chocolate and Confectionery Alliance (BCCCA), Global IPM Facility
Ghana National IPM Programme, Cocoa Research Institute Ghana (CRIG)
Problem/Issue. Pests and diseases continue to place important constraints on cocoa production in Ghana and other West African countries. Effective management methods are known for some pests and diseases, but many are not effectively implemented by farmers. The Ghanaian National Programme for farmer participatory training and research (CABI Bioscience FPTR page) was initially focused on rice, vegetables, plantains and other food crops.
However, existing structures and commitment to the farmer participatory approach can greatly facilitate its extension into cocoa. The restructuring of cocoa production in Ghana and the incorporation of cocoa extension into national agricultural extension also provide further opportunities for bringing a farmer participatory approach to training and research in cocoa cropping systems as a whole.
The pilot project is expected to start soon, with the training of master trainers. In the implementation phase of the pilot, CABI Bioscience anticipates being able to play a technical support role.
Achievements So Far
The survey identified a number of technical and socio-economic constraints to cocoa production in Ghana, including some major pest and disease related problems. There are many crop and pest management strategies widely known in Ghana, but these are often not adopted by farmers for a variety of reasons, including low cocoa prices, lack of access to credit and other priorities. These findings have created awareness of the need for additional extension activities, including working more closely with farmer organisations, and promoting farmer-led extension. The proceedings of the West African cocoa IPM workshop, November 2001, are available here.
Based on the outcome of this project, new national and/or regional implementation projects may be formulated on cocoa farmer training.
Janny Vos (Co-ordinator) firstname.lastname@example.org
Start date: June 1999
End date: November 2000