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Coffee Berry Borer

SEM of CBB adult

The Coffee Berry Borer (CBB) originates from Eastern and Central Africa, but was introduced into Brazil and Indonesia in the early part of the 20th century. Its current distribution includes most of the major coffee producing countries, following its introduction into India in the early 1990's. Everywhere in its newly colonised range, it has caused substantial production losses.

CABI Bioscience has been working to find, rear and supply biological control agents of the coffee berry borer to affected countries for many years, and has assisted with the successful establishment of three species of parasitic wasp in Indonesia, New Caledonia, and several countries in Latin America. The CABI Bioscience centre for Africa, based in Nairobi, has been the focal point for the exploration, rearing and shipment of parasitic wasps of the coffee berry borer. Much of this work was co-ordinated by our entomologists Dr Moses Kairo and Dr Sean Murphy.

Dr. Peter Baker has spent a total of ten years working on the ecology and control of the coffee berry borer in Latin America, most recently at Cenicafé in Colombia. Research work has been carried out on biological, chemical and cultural control of the pest, including the mass releases of parasites and fungal diseases for control of the pest, the development of improved berry picking regimes to minimise pest reservoirs, and the careful and appropriate use of chemicals. The work carried out at Cenicafé has demonstrated that losses due to coffee berry borer can be reduced to less than 5% of production through the implementation of integrated pest management recommendations developed from these studies. Dr Baker of CABI Commodities is currently co-ordinating an international project to implement coffee berry integrated pest management in seven countries in Latin America, the Caribbean and Asia.

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Contact CABI Commodities:
CABI Commodities Coffee Co-ordinator - Dr. Peter Baker - p.baker@cabi.org
CABI Commodities Cocoa Co-ordinator - Dr. J. Flood - j.flood@cabi.org
CABI Commodities Project Administrator - cabi-commodities@cabi.org